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Landscape Management

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Plan and Prepare Changes to Best Use, Maintain, and Enhance Your IT Landscape

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Introduction

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Your IT landscape consists of all servers running our business software. To keep your business running and continuously improve your processes, both servers and software are changing constantly. To manage the required changes, people in different roles need to work closely together - on a very high level, this is shown in figure 1. While the names of the three roles will differ slightly from company to company, you should recognize the overall process:

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Figure 1a: Line of Business, IT Architect, and Basis Administrator working together to identify required changes, plan and evaluate them based on the current landscape description and prepare the implementation of new or additional software product versions.

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The following figure shows tools involved in the planning process handling landscape data:

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Figure 1b: Main applications and their connections in landscape management - click here, if you want to navigate to the contents of this picture.

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Best Practice Guide to Planning Landscape Changes

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We are working on this process in a group dedicated to Release Management and Innovation Adoption. The recommendation for the complete process is described in a  Planning Landscape Changes - a Best Practice Guide (SMP login required). This guide will be updated reflecting progress in process described - please feel invited to give feedback! Therefore, this information is is also available via an SCN blog:
Planning Landscape Changes - a Best Practice Guide.

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Hint: Since this guide is intended to be a living document being updated over time, you may want to follow this blog...

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Figure 2 is taken from that guide and shows the roles in more detail:

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Figure 2: Tools and activities involved in the best practice process of innovation adoption to update or upgrade installations of SAP Business Suite products taken from the best practices guide - in its new version describing the process using using the Maintenance Planner..

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Information on Related Tools and Processes

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SAP Solution Manager

As shown in figure 2, SAP Solution Manager is a key component in landscape change management:

  • It is the provider of landscape data consumed by the Maintenance Planner (which is provided as a service of SAP Solution Manager)
  • It offers tools to estimate the test effort caused by planned changes and help you to run the systems in your landscape

These 2 topics are described in the following as Landscape Descriptions and Maintenance Planning.

Find more information on the SAP Help Portal under http://help.sap.com/solutionmanager71 and http://help.sap.com/solutionmanager72.

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Landscape Descriptions

On this SCN page you'll get information and links to SAP's product model, System Landscape Directory, and SAP Solution Manager LMDB.

Data for landscape descriptions are increasingly used in the SAP Support Portal; to learn about the topology recommendations, read...

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Maintenance Planning

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New: Maintenance Planner

Simulate and Plan Changes in Your Systems or Tracks based on a Graphical UI

Maintenance planner is a new tool now available combing functions required to plan system updates, upgrades and even new installations.

Up-to-Date Installation

UDI aims at simplifying the process of installation for a new system on a target software level. The process eases the task of IT administrators by reducing the efforts in Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). This document explains the benefits of UCE by comparing the existing process with the new improved process.

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Maintenance Optimizer

Managing your Maintenance Processes Based on Landscape Data

Maintenance Optimizer (MOpz) in SAP Solution Manager is the central point of access for all maintenance activities. It supports the installation of updates and upgrades and completely manages the maintenance activities for your whole solution, centrally accessible from inside SAP Solution Manager.

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Landscape Recommendations

Guidance about Useful Landscape Layouts

Landscape recommendations provide a clear guidance about useful landscape layouts for most of typical use cases. The recommendations outline supported deployment options for SAP products, listing pros and cons of each option and simplify the consumption of the material by using a common methodology containing a simple rating of each option.This information helps customers designing their system landscapes according to the recommendations by SAP. It is available in the Landscape Recommendations Wiki @ the SCN.

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Software Logistics

Applying Landscape Changes

Landscape data are used to manage your landscape. You do not create them just for the tools managing them but you need to see them in the big picture: System and landscape data are emerging when you install software and are needed to define changes in the landscape, which are applied then by software logistic tools To find out more about tools like Software Provisioning Manager (SWPM) and Software Update Manager (SUM) go to http://scn.sap.com/community/it-management/alm/software-logistics.

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System Copy

If you’re using the system copy function of the software provisioning manager, you need to take care of the changed landscape data in the System Landscape Directory (SLD). This blog describes it: How to Deal with Landscape Data Created during System Copy

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Dual-Stack Split

Dual-Stack Systems can be split into separate technical systems (with the exception of mandatory dual-stacks such as versions of SAP NetWeaver PI and SAP Solution Manager). After such a split, you need to take care – or do some house-keeping – in theSystem Landscape Directory (SLD) and also think of the landscape description in SAP Solution Manager LMDB: Dual-Stack Split – How to Ensure Correct Technical System Data in SLD and LMDB after the Split @ the SCN.

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SAP Landscape Management  (SAP LaMa)

Automate Repetitive Tasks and Gain Unprecedented Visibility and Control over SAP and non-SAP Systems

Note: After a name change the product SAP Landscape Management might be mixed with the topic of this page but is part of the process described here.

With this product, you can automate repetitive tasks and gain unprecedented visibility and control over SAP and non-SAP systems in both traditional and virtual infrastructures. In particular, it provides an end-to-end system copy with fully automated post-copy steps. As a result, you can boost efficiency and agility and lower operating costs.

From the perspective of landscape data management, you can apply all ALM processes to technical systems controlled by LVM.
If you are using virtual host names assigned to the technical systems all processes in LVM including relocate can be used. If you're using physical host names, you can still manage your technical systems and apply ALM processes based on landscape data but relocation is not possible.

For more information, see SAP Landscape Virtualization Management.

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SAP IT Infrastructure Management

Extend the Landscape Description of your IT Solution to the Infrastructure

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With SAP IT Infrastructure Management you can extend the landscape description of your IT solution to the infrastructure (network components) level. It can easily integrate into SAP Solution Manager to use the information within technical monitoring and ITSM. SAP IT Infrastructure Management is on the price list, but integration into SAP Solution Manager is free for Enterprise Support customers.
Further information on SAP IT Infrastructure Management @ SAP Service Marketplace (SMP login required.)

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