What are the Roles and Responsibilities of SAP Testing Consultant?


i want to know about The Roles and Responsibility of SAP Testing Consultant,,pls anybody guide me Real time scenarios.




Understanding the business scenarios

Organization Structure to incorporate the tune of the script.

Preparation of test scripts

Execute and record results to see if it is fine before going to approval.

Make changes to your test script if required.

What is Test Script (Scenario Testing)

Header Data

Step in Process

Transaction Code / Program (FB60)

Menu Path


Field Data and actions to complete

Expected Results

Actual Results


Closing Period

F.19 Clearing GR/IR Account

F.13 Adjustments GR/IR Account

Using of these above two accounts will help us in clearing the balances and adjustments to those respective clearing accounts so that the GR/IR account will be zero balance and the balances will appear in respective reconciliation accounts accordingly the balances will be carried forwarded to next fiscal year.

GR/IR Clears the following Documents

GL Document

Customer Documents

Vendor Documents

Assignment Field is important in any document (ZUONR), Amount (DMBTR)

Foreign Currency Valuation

Lowest Value Method, If we are in loss then only we will account for it.

GL Accounts which are important in Testing

Enjoy Transaction - FB50

Normal Transaction - FB01

Document Parking - FV50

Post with Clearing - F-04

Incoming Payment - F-06

Outgoing Payment - F-07

Document Related

Reset Cleared Items - FBRA

Parking Document Posting - FBVO

Reversal Documents - F-14

Company Code Clearing A/C

(Trial Balance purposes) reversal - (FBUB)

Clearing Account

Partial clearing Invoice - 100 - Open Item

Paid - 70 - Open Item

Balance - 30

In Partial Clearing you can see 100 and 70 are cleared line items and 30 as balance and if it is in Residual you can only 30 as balance as it creates new line item and you canu2019t see the other cleared line items.

As no company will use residual clearing as it affects on ageing reports.

Open Items in Foreign Currency in all Modules GL/AP/AR - F.05

Master Data

Company Code


Only Balances in local currencies

Reconciliation Account Type

Year End Scripts

Re Grouping Receivables / Payables - (F101)

Bad Debts Provisions u2013 Scripts

We assume that the customer has not paid at the end of the year you doubt whether this receivable will ever be paid. So you make a transfer posting for the receivables to an account for individual value adjustments using special GL Indicator E and Transaction Code F-21

Carry forward Balances

Sub Ledgers and General Ledger balances to be forwarded to next Fiscal Year

Accounts Payables

Vendor Down Payments




Outgoing Payments

Automatic Clearing

Manual Clearing

Advance (Down Payment)

Post with Clearing

Post without Clearing

Reset Clearing

Carry forward


Foreign Currency Valuations

Accounts Receivables

Customer Down Payments




Incoming Payments

Manual Clearing

Advance (Down Payment)

Post with Clearing

Post without Clearing

Reset Clearing

Carry forward


Foreign Currency Valuations

Other than that, it is important to know the following:

Unit Testing

When you test every single document is called unit testing.

String Testing

One transaction full activity is called string testing . For example Vendor invoice, goods received and vendor payment.

Integration Testing

It is purely with other modules and we have to check whether the FI testing is working with other related modules or not.

Regression Testing

Testing for whole database. Bring all the data into another server and do the testing is called regression.


When we test any particular document with the user and if it is ok immediately we have to take the signature on the document, which is signed off and can be forwarded to the immediate boss. There are some steps to be followed when we go for user acceptance testing.

Transaction u2013 Script Writing u2013 Expected Results u2013 Compare with Actual Results

TPR (Transaction Problem Reporting)

While doing the user acceptance testing if we get any problems then there are some methodologies to be followed according to the companyu2019s policy and normally as a tester we always need to write on Test Script itself.

Hope this helps you.



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