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Segments creation/concept

Hi,

Can anybody give the details about creation of segments and tell me the concept why we will use Segments

Thanks

Sap Guru

Former Member
Former Member replied

hi

Segment:

Earlier in SAP we used to have very limited reporting hierarchies, in which business area is one like Company Code. But obviously in FI or CO either user/ partner/ management always interested in viewing the business on different entities in different forms of reports.

So, with the newGL SAP has given a provenance to users to create their own reporting entities. So, with the newGL customers can generate balance sheets by almost any dimension by defining a SEGMENT, meaning: cost center, plant, etc even you can define business area as a segment.

For this purpose was create the SEGMENT entity. So that it helps customer in segment level reporting.

We Can create financial statements means we can generate balance sheet or profit and loss statement on segment.

For lay mans terms I can tell Business Area is on example of Segment. Hope it clarifies..

In order to understand document split you should be familiar with New GL / Ledger accounting...

Regarding Document Splitting: Consider following realtime example

Invoice ( Example: Split on profit center)

Entry View

Vendor Invoice

PK Account Pr.Ctr Cost.Ctr Amount

40 Expense PC01 CC01 400

40 Expense PC02 CC02 600

31 Vendor 1000 -

Say Document number 156123

General Ledger view above document becomes as follows..

PK Account Pr.Ctr Cost.Ctr Amount

40 Expense PC01 CC01 400

40 Expense PC02 CC02 600

31 Vendor PC01 400 -

31 Vendor PC02 600 -

Suppose you got discount while paying above invoice then

Vendor Payment (entry view)

PK Account Pr.Ctr Cost.Ctr Amount

25 Payable 1000

50 Bank 970-

50 Discount 30 -

the enhanced document of the above will be as follows... discount will be splitted across profit centers ...

PK Account Pr.Ctr Cost.Ctr Amount

25 Payable 1000

50 Bank 970-

50 Discount PC01 CC01 12 -

50 Discount PC02 CC02 18-

For the above document the general ledger view will be as follows..

PK Account Pr.Ctr Cost.Ctr Amount

25 Payable PC01 400

25 Payable PC02 600

50 Bank PC01 388-

50 Bank PC02 582-

50 Discount PC01 CC01 12 -

50 Discount PC02 CC02 18-

for furhtur notes

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005vp/helpdata/en/6d/11743cdcf47b4ee10000000a11405a/frameset.htm

nagesh

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