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BDC-ABAP

What is BDC ? How do I do BDC program ? Please send me with an example ..

Advantage Of BDC ?

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Hi

BDC stand for BATCH DATA COMMUNICATION

Through this concept we transfer the data into SAP R/3 System

Legacy System -


> R/3 System

Batch input is used to transfer large amounts of data into the

SAP system. In this topic, we will learn the basics of batch input.

There are 2 types of transfers Conversions and interfaces.

Conversions: This type of transfer refers to a one-time transfer from a legacy system to the SAP system. In this case, the “legacy” system is the old system that is being replaced by the SAP system.

Interfaces: This type of transfer refers to an ongoing transfer from a complementary system to the SAP system. In this case, the “complementary” system is a system that will run along side the SAP system.

<b>the BDC program should be in this format</b>

Transaction Recorder (SHDB)

How to Upload Presentation Server Flat file to SAP R/3 system???

How to upload application server file to R/3 system?

Definition

Example - Call Transaction Method

<b>Transaction Recorder (SHDB)</b>

Before you work with the Batch Input methods, you should know the purpose of the tool

Transaction Recorder.

Use:

You can use the transaction recorder to record a series of transactions and their screens.

<b>Features:</b>

You can use the recording to create

Data transfer programs that use batch input or CALL TRANSACTION

Batch input sessions

Test data

Function modules.

Note: It doesn’t record F1, F4 and Scrollbar movements

<b>Upload Flat file from Presentation Server to SAP R/3</b>

CALL FUNCTION ‘GUI_UPLOAD'

EXPORTING

CODEPAGE = ‘IBM'

FILENAME = P_UFILE

FILETYPE = 'DAT'

TABLES

DATA_TAB = INT_TAB

EXCEPTIONS

CONVERSION_ERROR = 1

FILE_OPEN_ERROR = 2

FILE_READ_ERROR = 3

INVALID_TYPE = 4

NO_BATCH = 5

UNKNOWN_ERROR = 6

INVALID_TABLE_WIDTH = 7

GUI_REFUSE_FILETRANSFER = 8

CUSTOMER_ERROR = 9

OTHERS = 10 .

IF SY-SUBRC NE 0.

MESSAGE E999(FR) WITH 'ERROR IN FILE UPLOAD'.

ENDIF.

<b>Upload file from application server to SAP R/3</b>

Open the the application server file

OPEN DATASET <dsn> FOR INPUT <mode>

Read the data from application server file

READ DATASET <dsn> INTO <wa>

And then close the application server file

CLOSE DATASET <dsn>

<b>Definition- Declaring BDC Table</b>

DATA: BDC_TAB LIKE STANDARD TABLE OF

BDCDATA INITIAL SIZE 6

WITH HEADER LINE .

The internal table used to collect the transaction’s information must be declared “LIKE BDCDATA”.

<b>Filling BDC Table – Method #1</b>

FORM FILL_BDC_TAB.

REFRESH BDC_TAB.

CLEAR BDC_TAB.

BDC_TAB-PROGRAM = ‘SAPMF02K’.

BDC_TAB-DYNPRO = ‘01016’.

BDC_TAB-DYNBEGIN = ‘X’.

APPEND BDC_TAB.

CLEAR BDC_TAB.

BDC_TAB-FNAM = ‘RF02K-LIFNR’.

BDC_TAB-FVAL = ‘TEST1’.

APPEND BDC_TAB.

CLEAR BDC_TAB.

BDC_TAB-FNAM = ‘RF02K-D0010’.

BDC_TAB-FVAL = ‘X’.

APPEND BDC_TAB.

CLEAR BDC_TAB.

BDC_TAB-PROGRAM = ‘SAPMF02K’.

BDC_TAB-DYNPRO = ‘0110’.

BDC_TAB-DYNBEGIN = ‘X’.

APPEND BDC_TAB.

CLEAR BDC_TAB.

BDC_TAB-FNAM = ‘LFA1-STRAS’.

BDC_TAB-FVAL = ‘123 Main St.’.

APPEND BDC_TAB.

CLEAR BDC_TAB.

BDC_TAB-FNAM = ‘BDC_OKCODE’.

BDC_TAB-FVAL = ‘/11’.

APPEND BDC_TAB.

ENDFORM.

<b>Filling BDC Table – Method #2</b>

FORM FILL_BDC_TAB.

REFRESH BDC_TAB.

PERFORM POPULATE_BDC_TAB

USING:

‘1’ ‘SAPMF02K’ ‘0106’,

‘ ‘ ‘RF02K-LIFNR’ ‘TEST1’,

‘ ‘ ‘RF02K-D0010’ ‘X’,

‘1’ ‘SAPMF02K’ ‘0110’,

‘ ‘ ‘LFA1-STRAS’, ‘123 Main St.’,

‘ ‘ ‘BDC_OKCODE’, ‘/11’.

ENDFORM.

FORM POPULATE_BDC_TAB USING FLAG VAR1 VAR2.

CLEAR BDC_TAB.

IF FLAG = ‘1’.

BDC_TAB-PROGRAM = VAR1.

BDC_TAB-DYNPRO = VAR2..

BDC_TAB-DYNBEGIN = ‘X’.

ELSE.

BDC_TAB-FNAM = VAR1.

BDC_TAB-FVAL = VAR2.

ENDIF.

APPEND BDC_TAB.

ENDFORM.

This two subroutine method to fill the BDC table is preferable because the “POPULATE_BDC_TABLE” subroutine is reusable throughout all batch input programs.

Example #1 - Change Vendor (Call Transaction Method)

<b>Example #1- Declaration Section</b>

REPORT Y180DM10.

DATA: BDC_TAB LIKE STANDARD TABLE OF

BDCDATA INITIAL SIZE 6 WITH HEADER LINE.

INFILE(20) VALUE ‘/tmp/bc180_file4’.

DATA: BEGIN OF INREC.

VENDNUM LIKE LFA1-LIFNR.

STREET LIKE LFA1-STRAS.

END OF INREC.

PARAMETERS: DISPMODE DEFAULT ‘A’,

UPDAMODE DEFAULT ‘S’.

START-OF-SELECTION.

OPEN DATASET INFILE

FOR INPUT IN TEXT MODE.

DO.

READ DATASET INFILE INTO INREC.

IF SY-SUBRC < > 0. EXIT. ENDIF.

PERFORM FILL_BDC_TAB.

CALL TRANSACTION ‘FK02’

USING BDC_TAB

MODE DISPMODE

UPDATE UPDAMODE.

IF SY-SUBRC < > 0.

WRITE: /‘ERROR’.

ENDIF.

ENDDO.

CLOSE DATASET INFILE.

<b>synchronous updating</b>

DO.

………

PERFORM FILL_BDC_TAB.

CALL TRANSACTION ‘FK02’

USING BDC_TAB

MODE ‘N’

UPDATE ‘S’.

IF SY-SUBRC < > 0.

WRITE: /‘ERROR’.

ENDIF.

ENDDO.

With synchronous updating, we can check SY-SUBRC to determine the success of the transaction and the actual update to the database.

<b>asynchronous updating</b>

DO.

………

PERFORM FILL_BDC_TAB.

CALL TRANSACTION ‘FK02’

USING BDC_TAB

MODE ‘N’

UPDATE ‘A’.

IF SY-SUBRC < > 0.

WRITE: /‘ERROR’.

ENDIF.

ENDDO.

With asynchronous updating, we can check SY-SUBRC to determine the success of the transaction only, not the actual update to the database.

<b>Error Handling</b>

Write an error report.

Send the record(s) in error to an error file.

Create a batch input session with the record(s) in error.

To store error messages ( CALL TRANSACTION )

data: begin of Tab_Mess occurs 0.

include structure bdcmsgcoll.

data : end of Tab_Mess,

CALL TRANSACTION ‘FK02’ USING BDC_TAB MODE ‘N’ UPDATE ‘S’

MESSAGES INTO TAB_MESS.

IF SY-SUBRC NE 0.

WRITE: / Tab_MESS-TCODE, Tab_MESS-DYNUMB, Tab_MESS-MSGTYP ,

Tab_MESS-MSGID.

ENDIF.

i am giving you example for Change Vendor you practice for ur tcode

For our example, we will use the “Change Vendor” transaction (“FK02”) to add a street address to an already existing vendor.

<b>Step #1</b>

Use “System&#61664;Status” menu path to determine online program name (SAPMF02K), screen number (0110)

<b>Step #2</b>

Use “F1” key and “Technical Info” pushbutton in each screen field to be filled to determine the field name.

<b>Step #3</b>

Determine how to proceed in the transaction

(save the record by clicking on the ‘Save’ pushbutton or pressing the ‘F11’ key).

<b>BDC Table Contents</b>

After researching the transaction we can determine the contents of the BDC table.

PROGRAM DYNPRO DYNBEGIN FNAM FVAL

SAMPF02K 0106 X

RF02K-LIFNR TEST1

RF02K-D0110 X

SAMPF02K 0110 X

LFA1-STRAS 123 Main St.

BDC_OKCODE /11

<b>Batch Input Methods</b>

“CALL TRANSACTION USING”

STATEMENT

<b>Call transaction - for data transfer</b>

Processing batch input data with CALL TRANSACTION USING is the faster of the two recommended data transfer methods. In this method, legacy data is processed inline in your data transfer program.

Syntax:

CALL TRANSACTION <tcode>

USING <bdc_tab>

MODE <mode>

UPDATE <update>

A Display all

E Display errors only

N No display

S Synchronous

A Asynchronous

L Local update

<b>The process flow of CALL TRANSACTION</b>

A program that uses CALL TRANSACTION USING to process legacy data should execute thefollowing steps:

Prepare a BDCDATA structure for the transaction that you wish to run.

Prepare a internal table to store error messages Tab_Mess like structure of BDCMSGCOLL.

With a CALL TRANSACTION USING statement, call the transaction and prepare the BDCDATA structure. For example:

CALL TRANSACTION ‘MM01' USING BDCDATA MODE 'A' UPDATE 'S'. MESSAGES INTO TAB_MESS.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

<Error_handling>.

ENDIF.

<b>Overview of Batch Input Session</b>

The first batch input method is to create a batch input session. It is the processing of this batch input session that updates the database, not the execution of the batch input program.

Reward if usefull

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