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IDOC/EDI/ALE

Hello guys...

can u please give me the detailed flow of IDOC process in an EDI ,like how idoc is created,messag type,procees code,rfc desitination.

then how idoc can be generated...from transaction or function module and where to write a code like this etc.,

i will be gald if u can provide some good info.

PS: responses will be rewarded.

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Former Member
Former Member replied

Hi

Welcome to SDN forum

IDOC

Data Creation in Idoc

IDocs are text encoded documents with a rigid structure that are used to exchange data between R/3 and a foreign system. Instead of calling a program in the destination system directly, the data is first packed into an IDoc and then sent to the receiving system, where it is analyzed and properly processed. Therefore an IDoc data exchange is always an

asynchronous process. The significant difference between simple RFC-calls and IDoc data exchange is the fact, that every action performed on IDocs are protocolled by R/3 and IDocs can be reprocessed if an error occurred in one of the message steps.

While IDocs have to be understood as a data exchange protocol, EDI and ALE are typical use cases for IDocs. R/3 uses IDocs for both EDI and ALE to deliver data to the receiving system. ALE is basically the scheduling mechanism that defines when and between which partners and what kind of data will be exchanged on a regular or event triggered basis. Such a set-up is called an ALE-scenario.

IDoc is a intermediate document to exchange data between two SAP Systems.

*IDocs are structured ASCII files (or a virtual equivalent).

*Electronic Interchange Document

*They are the file format used by SAP R/3 to exchange data with foreign systems.

*Data Is transmitted in ASCII format, i.e. human readable form

*IDocs exchange messages

*IDocs are used like classical interface files

IDOC types are templates for specific message types depending on what is the business document, you want to exchange.

WE30 - you can create a IDOC type.

An IDOC with data, will have to be triggered by the application that is trying to send out the data.

FOr testing you can use WE19.

How to create idoc?

*WE30 - you can create a IDOC type

For more information in details on the same along with the examples can be viewed on:

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm#_Toc8400404

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a6620507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/presentation.html

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_search.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://www.erpgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

To Create Idoc we need to follow these steps:

Create Segment ( WE31)

Create Idoc Type ( WE30 )

Create Message Type ( WE81 )

Assign Idoc Type to Message Type ( WE82 )

Creating a Segment

Go to transaction code WE31

Enter the name for your segment type and click on the Create icon

Type the short text

Enter the variable names and data elements

Save it and go back

Go to Edit -> Set Release

Follow steps to create more number of segments

Create IDOC Type

Go to transaction code WE30

Enter the Object Name, select Basic type and click Create icon

Select the create new option and enter a description for your basic IDOC type and press enter

Select the IDOC Name and click Create icon

The system prompts us to enter a segment type and its attributes

Choose the appropriate values and press Enter

The system transfers the name of the segment type to the IDOC editor.

Follow these steps to add more number of segments to Parent or as Parent-child relation

Save it and go back

Go to Edit -> Set release

Create Message Type

Go to transaction code WE81

Change the details from Display mode to Change mode

After selection, the system will give this message “The table is cross-client (see Help for further info)”. Press Enter

Click New Entries to create new Message Type

Fill details

Save it and go back

Assign Message Type to IDoc Type

Go to transaction code WE82

Change the details from Display mode to Change mode

After selection, the system will give this message “The table is cross-client (see Help for further info)”. Press Enter.

Click New Entries to create new Message Type.

Fill details

Save it and go back

Check these out..

How to create IDOC

Check below link. It will give the step by step procedure for IDOC creation.

http://www.supinfo-projects.com/cn/2005/idocs_en/2/

ALE/ IDOC

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a60bb507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/78/217da751ce11d189570000e829fbbd/frameset.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sappoint.com/abap.html

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.docs

go trough these links.

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a60bb507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/78/217da751ce11d189570000e829fbbd/frameset.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sappoint.com/abap.html

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

An IDoc is simply a data container that is used to exchange information between any two processes that can understand the syntax and semantics of the data...

1.IDOCs are stored in the database. In the SAP system, IDOCs are stored in database tables.

2.IDOCs are independent of the sending and receiving systems.

3.IDOCs are independent of the direction of data exchange.

The two available process for IDOCs are

Outbound Process

Inbound Process

AND There are basically two types of IDOCs.

Basic IDOCs

Basic IDOC type defines the structure and format of the business document that is to be exchanged between two systems.

Extended IDOCs

Extending the functionality by adding more segments to existing Basic IDOCs.

To Create Idoc we need to follow these steps:

Create Segment ( WE31)

Create Idoc Type ( WE30)

Create Message Type ( WE81)

Assign Idoc Type to Message Type ( WE82)

imp links

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

www.sappoint.com

--here u can find the ppts and basic seetings for ALE

http://sappoint.com/presentation.html

www.sapgenie.com

http://www.sapgenie.com/ale/index.htm

WE30 - you can create a IDOC type.

An IDOC with data, will have to be triggered by the application that is trying to send out the data.

Try this..Hope this will help.

>>>> SAP ALE & IDOC<<<<

Steps to configuration(Basis) >>

1. Create Logical System (LS) for each applicable ALE-enabled client

2. Link client to Logical System on the respective servers

3. Create background user, to be used by ALE(with authorizaton for ALE postings)

4. Create RFC Destinations(SM59)

5. Ports in Idoc processing(WE21)

6. Generate partner profiles for sending system

The functional configuration(Tcode: SALE)

• Create a Customer Distribution Model (CDM);

• Add appropriate message types and filters to the CDM;

• Generate outbound partner profiles;

• Distribute the CDM to the receiving systems; and

• Generate inbound partner profiles on each of the clients.

Steps to customize a new IDoc >>>

1. Define IDoc Segment (WE31)

2. Convert Segments into an IDoc type (WE30)

3. Create a Message Type (WE81)

4. Create valid Combination of Message & IDoc type(WE82)

5. Define Processing Code(WE41 for OUT / WE42 for IN)

6. Define Partner Profile(WE20)

Important Transaction Codes:

SALE - IMG ALE Configuration root

WE20 - Manually maintain partner profiles

BD64 - Maintain customer distribution model

BD71 - Distribute customer distribution model

SM59 - Create RFC Destinations

BDM5 - Consistency check (Transaction scenarios)

BD82 - Generate Partner Profiles

BD61 - Activate Change Pointers - Globally

BD50 - Activate Change Pointer for Msg Type

BD52 - Activate change pointer per change.doc object

BD59 - Allocation object type -> IDOC type

BD56 - Maintain IDOC Segment Filters

BD53 - Reduction of Message Types

BD21 - Select Change Pointer

BD87 - Status Monitor for ALE Messages

BDM5 - Consistency check (Transaction scenarios)

BD62 - Define rules

BD79 - Maintain rules

BD55 - Defining settings for IDoc conversion

WEDI - ALE IDoc Administration

WE21 - Ports in Idoc processing

WE60 - IDoc documentation

SARA - IDoc archiving (Object type IDOC)

WE47 - IDoc status maintenance

WE07 - IDoc statistics

BALE - ALE Distribution Administration

WE05 - IDoc overview

BD87 - Inbound IDoc reprocessing

BD88 - Outbound IDoc reprocessing

BDM2 - IDoc Trace

BDM7 - IDoc Audit Analysis

BD21 - Create IDocs from change pointers

SM58 - Schedule RFC Failures

Basic config for Distributed data:

BD64: Maintain a Distributed Model

BD82: Generate Partner Profile

BD64: Distribute the distribution Model

Programs

RBDMIDOC – Creating IDoc Type from Change Pointers

RSEOUT00 – Process all selected IDocs (EDI)

RBDAPP01 - Inbound Processing of IDocs Ready for Transfer

RSARFCEX - Execute Calls Not Yet Executed

RBDMOIND - Status Conversion with Successful tRFC Execution

RBDMANIN - Start error handling for non-posted IDocs

RBDSTATE - Send Audit Confirmations

FOr testing you can use WE19.

Check these links.

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a60bb507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/78/217da751ce11d189570000e829fbbd/frameset.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sappoint.com/abap.html

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.docs

Please check this PDF documents for ALE and IDoc.

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCMIDALEIO/BCMIDALEIO.pdf

http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCMIDALEPRO/BCMIDALEPRO.pdf

http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/CABFAALEQS/CABFAALEQS.pdf

http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCSRVEDISC/CAEDISCAP_STC.pdf

http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCSRVEDI/CAEDI.pdf

Check below link. It will give the step by step procedure for IDOC creation.

http://www.supinfo-projects.com/cn/2005/idocs_en/2/

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange

Cross-company exchange of electronic data (for example business documents) between domestic and international business partners who use a variety of hardware, software, and communication services. The data involved is formatted according to predefined standards. In addition to this, SAP ALE technology is available for data exchange within a company.

Refer

http://www.erpgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/72/c18ee5546a11d182cc0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm

https://www.2020software.com/products/Fourth_Shift_Edition_for_SAP_Business_One_Electronic_Data_Interchange.asp

http://downloads-zdnet.com.com/SoftwareandWebDevelopment/SoftwareDevelopmentTools/ElectronicData+Interchange/

http://www.erpgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.kostal.com/english/downloads/EDI_AGB_eng.pdfd

EDI FLOW :

Here is some thing which helps you and here the purchase order is taken as example too..

Electronic Data Interchange, or EDI, is the electronic exchange of business data. Using a standard format, EDI provides a method of transmitting business data from one computer to another, without the need to re-key data. This electronic link can result in more effective business transactions. With EDI, paper documents such as invoices can be replaced with electronic transmissions, thus time is saved, and the potential for error is minimized. Data can be exchanged at any time. Related business expenses, such as postage, printing, phone calls, and handling, can also be significantly reduced. EDI can aid in the support of manufacturing efforts, such as Just-in-Time and Third Party Warehousing, and financial efforts, such as Electronic Payments.

What parts of the business cycle can be supported by EDI?

Any business documents that are currently exchanged using paper can be converted to an EDI. Standards. Standards include ANSI X12 and XML/EDI are primarily used in the United States, while EDIFACT is used in Europe and Asia.

How does EDI get started?

EDI gets started when one company contacts another expressing interest in trading business documents electronically using Electronic Data Interchange. The two companies must first determine each other's EDI capabilities. If you do not already know your EDI capabilities, we have prepared a questionnaire to help you determine them. If you are already EDI capable, we will coordinate with your technical staff to determine a testing plan. Upon completion of testing the EDI documents, the appropriate business personnel will set a production start date to begin the exchange of EDI business data. If you are not EDI capable, we recommend you first obtain a commitment from your upper management. Your company will need to allocate resources and capital for software, hardware, testing, possible programming, and training.

What is the flow of EDI?

The flow of EDI depends on the sophistication of your systems and your EDI software. If you have internal purchasing/order entry systems, you will need interface programs that can extract and insert data out of and into these systems. EDI programs that interface with your internal systems are preferred over software that requires re-keying of data. Embassy Software specializes in seemless interface between EDI and your back office systems. Using a purchase order as an example of a business document your customer would send that PO electronically (850) to you. It could be sent either through a VAN (Value Added Network) or through an FTP server. You would take that 850 and convert it either into and ODBC database, a flat file or XML document to be imported into your Order System with the use of EDI Software such as PassportXchange.. Using EDI communication software, which is part of the PassportXchange package you would pull down data at set intervals from the VAN or FTP. These documents are then processed through EDI translation software and output to our order entry system. Finally, an EDI document called a functional acknowledgment (997) is sent to your customer.

check this.

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/72/c18ee5546a11d182cc0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm

https://www.2020software.com/products/Fourth_Shift_Edition_for_SAP_Business_One_Electronic_Data_Interchange.asp

http://downloads-zdnet.com.com/SoftwareandWebDevelopment/SoftwareDevelopmentTools/ElectronicData+Interchange/

http://www.erpgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.kostal.com/english/downloads/EDI_AGB_eng.pdfd

ALE

Application Linking and Enabling (ALE)

In this document you will learn the step-by-step procedure to setup the ALE system and go through a transaction between two clients

For our purpose we have two clients

namely Client 100 and Client 200.

System name is SAPKDC (FOR BOTH 100 AND 200 CLIENTS).

Distribution of Material Master Data Between two Systems

1) SETUP LOGICAL SYSTEM: (Note: Do Not Create This Step)

To do this follow the following steps

Execute SALE Transaction Code

On The Screen Click on Sending and Receiving Systems.

Then Click on Logical Systems.

Then Click Defining Logical Systems.

Click New Entries Button

(E.g. (LG100 sending system)

(LG200 receiving system))

Enter two logical system names and their description.

Save

Comeback to SALE Transaction Code screen.

2) Now you have to allocate the created logical systems to respective clients.( Note: Do Not Create This Step)

LG100 assign to client 100

LG200 assign to client 200

To do this, do the following.

Click Assigning Client to Logical System.

Ignore the message that comes up on the screen.

Select client 100

Click details button on the toolbar icon or press F2.

In the logical system box, enter LG100.

Click on the save Icon

Click the back button.

Now select client 200.

Click details icon or press f2.

In logical Systems box, enter LG200.

Save

Back.

Comeback to SALE Transaction Code screen.

3) Maintain RFC Destination: (TR.CODE:SM59)

(Note: Do Not Create This Step)

Click Create Button on the Screen

On the Screen Maintain RFC Destination i.e LG200.

Enter LG200 in RFC destination box.

Connection type is 3

Give a description for the RFC destination.

Maintain Technical Settings on Details on Technical Settings tab

Target Host as : SAPKDC (NOTE: Save it as a Host Name)

Maintain Logon Details on Logon/Security tab.

Language: EN.

User: MMUSER200 (This is the logon for dist.)

Client : 200

Password: MM1234.

Save.

Click on create to do the above process for Client 200 in

The client 200 system.

4) Maintain Distribution Model.(BD64). (ABAPer role starts here)

Execute Maintain distribution model directly for

creating the model.

Click on change mode button on App tool bar of the Screen.

Create Model View pushbutton on App tool bar of the Screen.

A pop screen will appear in which you specify

Short text as Distribution for MM Data.

Enter Technical Name as LGMODEL.

Select Model View and Click on Add Message Type Pushbutton on App toolbar of the Screen.

A popup screen will appear in which you specify

Model View as LGMODEL.

Sender as LG100.

Receiver as LG200.

Again Click on Add Message Type Pushbutton on App toolbar of the Screen.

A popup screen will appear in which you specify

Model View as LGMODEL.

Sender as LG200.

Receiver as LG100.

SAVE.

On the same screen goto Menubar and select Environment.

And then select Generate Partner Profiles , then execute it.

On the Screen specify the Logical System as LG200.

Then execute the screen.

Click back.

Again On the same screen goto Menubar and select EDIT.

Again select Model View and then select Distribute.

****LOGIN to client 200.

Execute Tr.code BD64 and again On the same screen goto Menubar and select Environment.

And then select Generate Partner Profiles , then execute it.

On the Screen specify the Model View as LGMODEL

And Specify the Logical System as LG100.

Then execute the screen.

Click back.

*******Switch back to client 100 Session.

5) Create Material using MM03 Tr.Code.

Enter the material name as LGMATERIAL

Industry sector as Mechanical Engineering

Material Type as Finished Products.

And then Click on Data Pushbutton on the App tool bar.

Select views.

In the select views box for materials check basic data 1 AND 2.

Click enter icon.

In the next screen that you get

Give the text of the material as NEW MATERIAL.

Base unit of measure as KG.

Gross Weight as 200.

Net Weight as 100.

Weight Unit as KG.

In the description area language (E) and material description.

Click Save.

Now I Created a Material in Client 100 , I want to transfer this data to Client 200.

6) Execute BD10 to transfer the material in which you specify

the material as LGMATERIAL and

message type as MATMAS (client100).

Then a Screen will be displayed in which it shows that

1 Master Idoc Generated .. Enter

1 Communication Idoc Generated..Enter.

*******LOGIN to Client 200.

7) Execute BD11 to get the material in which you specify

the material as LGMATERIAL and

message type as MATMAS (client200).

8) Execute Tr.code MM03 and give the material as LGMATERIAL

and see that the material is displayed as it was in Client 100.

If not follow these steps.

9) Execute Tr.code WE19( for rectification of errors in client200).

Specify the Existing Idoc Number and Executes it .

A Screen is displayed in which you specify the corresponding Function Module as INPUT_IDOC_MATMAS01 and execute it.

10) Execute Tr.code MM03 and give the material as LGMATERIAL

and see that the material is displayed as it was in Client 100.

Now the Material is correctly displayed in Client 200.

11) Monitoring of IDOCS.

Transaction Codes:

IDOC Display of Status: WE 05.

IDOC Date and Time: WE07.

Outbound:

Step 1. Application document is created when transaction is saved.

2. Message control is invoked.

3. Messages are processed by system.

4. Messages are Edited (if desired).

5. Output (ALE / EDI) is checked

6. Validate against Message control record from Partner Profile

7. Application Document is saved.

8. Entry NAST table is created for every selected output program

along with Medium & Timing.

9. Check for Process Immediately .

If (yes)

Determine Processing Program from TNAPR Table.

ELSE

Execute RSNASTED Program.

10. Read Partner Profile to determine Process Code.

11. Process Code points to the Function Module & Invoked.

12. IDoc is generated.

13. Check for ALE Request.

if (Yes)

Perform Filters, Conversions, Version Changes etc.

Else.

IDoc is stored in DATABASE.

INBOUND:

Step 1. EDI Subsystem creates an IDoc file from EDI Messages

2. Subsystem calls Functional Module EDI_DATA_INCOMING from startRFC program.

3. Data in Control Record is validate against the Partner Profile.

4. IDoc is generated in Database and syntax check is carried out.

5. IDoc file is deleted once file read.

6. Event PROCESSSTATE REACHED is triggered in Idoc Object Workflow.

7. Check for Process Immediately.

If NO

Execute RBDAPP01 Program

Else

Read Process Code from Partner Profile

Process Code Points to Function Module

Application Document Posted.

further help:

check url

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapgenie.com/ale/configuration.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/training

And also u can get lots of inof from the below link.

http://www.sapgenie.com/ale/why_ale.htm

<b>Reward points for useful Answers</b>

Regards

Anji

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