units of measure
why we have so many units of measure in material master? isn't one unit of measure enough? what do the diff units stand for?
> why we have so many units of measure in material master? isn't one unit of measure enough? what do the diff units stand for?
A material can be stored, transported and sold in various units of measure. In the SAP R/3 system, you can therefore define various units of measure which are maintained in the sales and distribution screens. However, you only need to maintain the fields of the units of measure, if they deviate from the base unit of measure. If no other fields with units of measure are maintained, the system automatically takes the base unit of measure as a basis for its calculations. You can enter the following units of measure in the sales and distribution screens:
Base unit of measure: Stocks of a material are managed in the base unit of measure. All quantity movements in other units of measure are converted automatically by the system into the base unit of measure.
Alternative unit of measure: If a product is managed in the base unit of measure "piece", but is sold in the sales unit "box", you must define the conversion factor. The alternative unit of measure can be defined, for example, that one box of this material contains 12 pieces.
Sales unit: The unit of measure in which materials are sold is referred to as a sales unit (for example, piece or bottle). The value you define in the material master record is proposed during business transactions relevant for sales, such as the sales order. You can replace them with other alternative units of measure in the sales order.
Delivery unit: The delivery unit refers to the unit in which materials can be delivered. Only exact multiples of the delivery unit can be delivered. For example, with a delivery unit of 30 bottles, 30, 60 or 90 bottles can be delivered, but not 100 bottles.
Hope its clear. Do revert back if there are doubts.